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Extremadura and Andalucia

Day 1

Tour-leader and Guide : Michael Richardson
Trip report : Michael Richardson

Day 1 - April 5th - Pre-extension of 3 Days to Mallorca
Visited sites: Salinas de Levante, Colonia San Jordi and Salinas Colonia San Jordi.
After a swift and eventless pick up at Palma airport, the five of us headed out south west via Campos to Salinas de Levante, an area of working and disused saltpans. We first parked just off the main road to Colonia San Jordi and walked down what is still known as Eddies Track (After Eddie Watkinson who first regularly watched the area). Just passed the buildings the first birds seen were a pair of Thekla Larks feeding on a rough field, other birds seen on the fields included European Stonechat, Barn Swallow, Corn Bunting, European Serin and European Greenfinch.

01salinas-de-levanteWe then moved out into the saltpans, most of which are disused along this track. The sides of the pans are vegetated almost completely by Shrubby Seablite and Glasswort species, dotted here and there by Rosy Garlic and Common Asphodel. On the first pans some of the commonest birds were Common Shelduck, Kentish (Snowy) Plover, Spotted Redshank and the noisy Black-winged Stilts which flew up scolding every passer by. Also here we found a pair of Eurasian Curlew, Common Greenshank, Temminck's Stint, Little Stint, Curlew Sandpiper and Ruff. Both Cetti's and Sardinian Warblers called from cover and Spanish Yellow Wagtail, Corn Bunting and European Serin sang from more prominent song posts. In the air above the Pans there were large numbers of Common Swifts, Barn Swallows and House Martin, all feeding to fuel there migration northwards. Further along the track the pools get a bit larger and at the far end of the largest the was a flock of 10+ Greater Flamingo's feeding in the deeper water, also in this area we picked up Grey Heron, Little Egret, Dunlin, Avocet, 3+ Marsh Sandpipers, Black-headed and Yellow-legged Gulls, Hoopoe and Meadow Pipit.
We then retraced our steps back to the car, picking up Water Rail which we had been hearing all morning, Zitting Cisticola, Common Chiffchaff, Marsh Harrier (female) and Garganey (guide only). At the car we had the time to have a good look at the fields on the roadsides which were covered with the yellow flowering Crown Daisy and Corn Poppy.
By this time lunch was required so we headed into Colonia San Jordi where we found a very nice restaurant. We had a good lunch whilst watching Audouin's Gulls on the beach. We then headed back towards the saltpans in a slightly roundabout way (code for taking a wrong turn) but ended up at the working pans just on the out skirts of the town, where we got good views of several Audouin's Gulls resting on the ridges in between the pans.

A few Butterflies were noted during the day including, Clouded Yellow, Large White, Small White, Swallowtail and Speckled Wood. The rest of the afternoon was spent along the tarmac road which gives views over the working pans back at this morning's site. Here we added Common Redshank, Grey (Black-bellied) Plover, Little Ringed Plover and Sanderling. On the fields opposite the pans we found Purple Viper's Bugloss, Bellardia and Mastic Tree.We then drove to the Northern end of the island to Alcudia, where we spent the next three nights in the Vanity Hotel Golf.
Weather: Bright and sunny but windy later.

Day 2

Day 2 - April 6th
Visited sites: S'Albufera, Caves of Drach and Porto Colom.
After a nice leisurely breakfast we travelled the short distance east to the best known birding site on Mallorca, S'Albufera. The reserve is largely covered in dense Reed beds, interspersed with canals, lakes and marshes, all of which hold a wealth of wildlife.
We started by parking by the main entrance and making our way along the Gran canal (S'Oberta) towards the visitors centre. By the entrance we saw a colony of Cattle and Little Egrets in the taller pine trees and several (Black-crowned) Night Herons roosting in the lower bushes which grow along the canal. 02-fellow-travellers-on-the-gran-canalThe whole group had some very good views of Cetti's Warbler and heard both Moustached Warbler and Water Rail as we approached the small stone bridge which crosses the smaller canal to the side of the road. Along here we also saw Eurasian Coot, Greater Cormorant, Little Grebe, Western Marsh Harrier and Mallard. We then arrived at the Visitor Centre and several guide books were purchased and we registered ourselves on the reserve. Our next point of call was at the two Bishop hides, on the way we had some great views of several Red-Knobbed Coots and Red-crested Pochard which kept Kent's camera clicking. From the large stone bridge over the Gran Canal several Common Pochard, Tufted Duck, Gadwall were scoped, as were single Great-crested Grebe and Osprey. Once in the hide the species list grew quickly, with good close views of Little Egret, Kentish Plover, Marsh Sandpiper, Common Greenshank and Ruff all being recorded on Nancy's and Kent's Cameras. More distant views were had of Green and Wood Sandpiper, Common Snipe and Water Pipit. On the walk back to the car, Diana picked out a Purple Swamp-hen making its way through the scrub and we had good views of our only Little Bittern of the trip. We then made our way on to the boardwalk by the visitor centre where we again heard Moustached Warbler and were treated to views of a hunting Western Marsh Harrier quartering the reed beds. Just before we reached the car an Iberian Chiffchaff was seen well and more importantly it was singing nicely so ID was simple.
03-caves-of-dracWe then made our way towards the Porto Cristo and the Caves of Drac for an afternoon under ground. The tours take place on the hour so we had a little while to wait by the entrance but this was not wasted as we picked up Common Crossbill (race Balearica), Firecrest, Blackcap and Sardinian Warbler. The caves were fantastic and the music form the rowing boats at the end was very good. As we were so close to Porto Colom, a good site for Balearic Warbler we decided to make our way there for a quick visit. We parked on the track above the beach and made our way down towards the light house, Audouin's Gulls, Sandwich Tern and Cory's Shearwater (ssp diomedea) were all seen. As we made our way through the scrub, Thekla Lark, Sardinian Warbler and European Robin were found, as were a couple of species of Orchid, including the endemic Balearic Bee Orchid and Mirror Orchid. We got a fair way out and decided that we needed to leave to get back for our evening meal, so we made our way back towards the car. A few meters into our walk a pair of Balearic Warblers put in a good but brief show on the top of the Grey-leaved Cistus bushes. And a couple of very cooperative Audouin's Gulls had Kent and Nancy reaching for the cameras. We then had an uneventful drive back to Alcudia for our evening meal.
Weather: Bright and sunny but windy, clouding over later.

Day 3

Day 3 - April 7th
Visited sites:
S'Albufera, Cap Formentor and the start of the Bocquer Valley.
The first stop of the day was at Orange Bridge on the edge of the S'Albufera. Here we added Osprey x3, Booted Eagle, Sand Martin and Great Egret. We then made the short journey to S'Albufera and in along the main track towards the visitors centre, seen much the same birds as yesterday. This time we went straight out to the CIM Hide, which over looks a shallow scrape and some reed beds. Several new species were added to the trip list including Glossy Ibis x4, Garganey x 1 male and Purple Heron, good views of Yellow-legged and Black-headed Gulls, Little Ringed and Kentish Plovers, Eurasian Teal and Northern Shoveler were also had. 04-common-greenshankLater we made our way around to a raised view point over looking a small reed fringed pool where we could here a Great Reed Warbler rattling out it distinctive song, It remained elusive only Diana got views as the bird flew across the pool. Further on Great Tit was added to the trip list and on to Kent's photo list. Passing the Visitor Centre we reached the small stone bridge here we turn right along the Ses Puntes Track to wards the distant pines where we spent some time looking for Orchids and other wild flowers. Orchids seen included the rare Marsh Loose-flowered Orchid, Fragrant Bug Orchid and the more common Bumble Bee and Yellow Bee Orchids. A new raised viewing platform had been built, which gave us a good vantage point for scanning the marsh. Here we saw Purple Swamp-hen, Wood Sandpiper, Common Greenshank and both Spotted and Common Redshanks and on a wire fence some distance away Common Greenshank. the first Woodchat Shrikes of the trip (ssp badius). On our way back the wind started to get up which kept many of the birds down but Diana managed to find us a cracking Moustached Warbler singing from a small shrub only about 10 feet from the track side, a real bonus. 05-cap-formentorAlso seen on the return walk were Great Egret, Purple Heron, Hoopoe and Zitting Cisticola. We had lunch in a small restaurant in Alcudia and later in the day we made our way 06-fellow-travellerout through Puerto Pollensa to Cape Formentor, picking up European Shag of the Mediterranean ssp desmarestii. At the first stop we spent some time on a walk along several view points high on the cliffs of the above the sea. Here we picked up Blue-rock Thrush, Peregrine Falcon, Winter Wren and Crag Martin. We then moved on to the Light House at the end of the Promontory seeing Firecrest, Common Crossbill and European Stonechat. On the way back to the hotel we paid a brief visit to the entrance to the Bocquer Valley and checked the lower fields for migrants, picking up Common Redstart and a fine pair of Stone-curlew (Eurasian Thick-knee).
Weather: Cloudy start, bright and sunny later.

Day 4-5

Day 4 - April 8th
Travelling between Alcudia on the Mallorca Island and Trujillo in Extremadura, mainland Spain. After an early breakfast the five of us had uneventful trip across the island to Palma airport and onwards to Madrid, here we met up with the two new members of the party Ginny and Al. We made our way out of Madrid and on to the A5 heading for Truillo. After we got out of the urban sprawl we stopped for a very good lunch, but by the time we came out of the restaurant the weather had taken a turn for the worst. We travelled on to the hotel in heavy rain, so most of the group grabbed a couple of hours sleep. The birds seen were mainly guide only records but they included Black Kite, Black-shouldered Kite, Spotless Starling, Crested Lark, Eurasian Magpie and White Stork. We found the hotel Palacio de Santa Marta and settled in to what I think most of the group thought was the best lodgings of the whole trip.
Weather: Cloudy start but dry in Mallorca, wet and windy on the mainland.

Day 5 - April 9th
Visited sites: Trujillo and Monfrague.
Woke to a very grey day and quite heavy rain, did not look promising! We all got aboard the mini bus and headed north towards Monfrague on the ex-208, on the way we stopped at the bridge over the Rio Tozo and as we stopped the engine the rain stopped and this is how it went on all that day. The first birds seen were a group of Griffon Vultures drifting low along the valley, joined by two Black Vultures. These birds or others drifted about for sometime. On the river several Little Egrets and a Grey Heron were fishing, Little Grebe and Moorhen were also added to the species seen. In the surrounding fields Corn Bunting, Zitting Cisticola were both calling, Red-rumped and Barn Swallows, Crag and House Martin were all seen hawking insects above the crops and the first party of Azure-winged Magpies moved along the river bank noisily.The woodland also produced Eurasian Jay, Hoopoe and a calling but very elusive Eurasian Wryneck. We then moved and made a quick roadside stop for several people to photograph Gum Cistus and several other wild flowers. 07-view-monfrague-castle Our next stop was in the car park just below Monfrague Castle and after a heart thumping climb up the steps we had the fantastic views from the castle top out over the Rio Tajo and surrounding Valleys and mountains. At this height the Griffon and Egyptian Vultures seen were flying at eye level and this kept the cameras clicking. We also saw Rock Bunting, Chaffinch, European Serin, Common Raven, Black Redstart and several Red-billed Choughs. On the Way down we got our only soaking of the day when we all bailed out to look at a pair of Eurasian Nuthatch nest building in one of the roadside oaks. Then on to Pena Falcon, masses of Vultures whirled about in the skies above us and Black Redstart, Winter Wren and Blue-rock Thrush were all noted around the parking area. Lunch was then taken at the View from Monfrague Castle.
We then moved along the Rio Tajo Valley stopping at a couple of view points. At the first we had good views of young Black Stork in the nest and on the way to the next Diana had a single Chukar on the roadside. At the second view point we searched but failed to find the resident Eagle Owls which were breeding at this site, but we did get cracking views of an Egyptian Vulture, many Griffon Vultures, Pallid, Common and Alpine Swifts, Woodchat and Southern Grey Shrikes. We then retraced our steps as far as El Rubio and then went to a site for Spanish Imperial Eagle and were rewarded with good but distant views of a pair swapping over at the nest and then the off duty bird spent some time at a perch drying off. Also at this site we picked up a Great Spotted Cuckoo, Hoopoe and Mistle Thrush. We then made our way back to Trujillo in heavy rain.
Weather: Cloudy with many showers.

Day 6-7

Day 6 - April 10th
Visited sites:
Trujillo, Belen Plain and Monroy area.
The weather was not as kind today, it started to rain before dawn and continued for most of the day with just the odd dry spell. The first area visited was close by at Belen, we quickly started to find birds. Diana picked up 3+ Stone Curlews and then we found Red Kite and both Little Bustards (2 males and several females) and Great Bustards (8+ birds) and a male Montagu's Harrier. Other birds noted included Calandra Lark, Whinchat, Common Raven, Northern Wheatear and a beautiful male Black-eared Wheatear.08-great-spotted-cuckoo We then headed towards Caceres and in to the fields just to the north of the N 521 where we again started to pick up both species of Bustards in good numbers, several more Montagu's Harriers, but the two Sandgrouse species we were looking for did not show. We then drove around to the town of Monroy and had some lunch. Later we made our way east on a minor road through the oak woodlands seeing Common Cuckoo, Crested Lark, Spanish Sparrow and an Imm. Spanish Imperial Eagle which drifted over the road. Once back on the E 90 we headed south and then west back into the fields to give the Sandgrouse another go. We did not see them but had great views of a pair of Great Spotted Cuckoo, plus views of Black Kite, more Montagu's Harriers, Bustards and a colony of White Storks which again had the cameras at work. The weather then took a turn for the worse so we headed back to the hotel.
Weather: Rain

Day 7 - April 11th
Visited sites
: Trujillo to Sevilla.
An early start was made as we need to get to the hotel just west of Sevilla in time for an afternoon guided tour of the city. We again spent most of the journey on the Autovia so not a lot was seen, birds noted included Black Kite, White Stork, Montagu's Harrier, Great Spotted Cuckoo and Azure-winged Magpie. We sorted the rooms out and went and had some lunch before the hotel Andalucia Parks minibus took us into the city at 15:00 to meet the guide for our tour. 09-trujillo10-bullring1Unfortunately the cities main feria was on and the traffic was chaos, we missed the 16:00 tour but got on the next tour an hour later. We visited the outskirts of the city including the Monasterio Santa María de las Cuevas, Iglesia de San Gil and the remains of the city wall. Later we spent an hour on a boat heading west along the Rio Guadalquivir passing the Bullring and many of the bridges over the river.
Weather: Mainly dry and quite bright.

Day 8

Day 8 - April 12th
Visited sites: Donana Official Tour, Acebuche and La Rocia visitor centres and El Rocio Marsh.
11-donana-visitWe started the day with a swift drive down to the visitors centre at Acebuche where we were to start a very interesting and enjoyable tour of the restricted part of the park on board a large green 4x4. The first part of the trip took us along the beaches east of Matalascanas, several species of wader were added to the list including Eurasian Oystercatcher, Sanderling, Black-bellied Plover and Ruddy Turnstone. Peregrine was also seen distantly perched on a disused chimney in the dunes. We then made our way into the Stone or Umbrella Pine woodland, these areas also included large areas of open dune and grassland. Once in the woodland the driver stopped the vehicle and led us to probably one of the most exciting sightings, a number of Wild Boar and Fallow Deer in a large clearing in the Pines. Also in this area we saw Hoopoe, Winter Wren, Black Kite and heard Nightingale.After having a good look at the at every thing in the area we got back on the vehicle and headed off deeper in to the park seeing many more Wild Boar and several new species of bird including Booted and Short-toed Eagles, Eurasian Buzzard, Woodchat Shrike and Green Woodpecker. A second stop was made so that we could view the Greater Flamingo's on a large marsh area, also seen here were Great Egret, Black Winged Stilt and the first of many Collared Pratincoles. 12-wild-boarThe driver then returned to the beach where we added a group of 8 Whimbrel and a single Black / Common Scoter (guide only) and then on back to the visitors centre. We had some lunch and a look around the pine woods and the pools on the reserve, we added Short-toed Treecreeper, Squacco Heron, Eurasian Reed Warbler and Purple Swamp-hen to the day's list. Next we went and spent some time in El Rocio and on the marsh side walk, here we saw our first Whiskered Terns and Spoonbills of the tour plus Little Egret, Greater Flamingo, Sand Martin, Red-rumped Swallow and Cetti's Warbler. We then headed back to the hotel making a brief stop to photo fields of Purple Vipers Bugloss.
Weather: Mainly dry and quite bright.

Day 9

Day 9 - April 13th
Visited sites:
13-purple-vipers-buglossWe started the day on one of the parks northern trails, El Corredor Verde a dirt track that leaves the SE 667 and joins the road towards the J A Valverde visitors centre several Km's on. Our first stop was to admire a group of European Bee-eaters perched on wires crossing large orange groves (the smell from the blossom was fantastic). The second stop was by a large lake where we had good views of Great Crested Grebe, Cetti's and Eurasian Reed Warblers. Later we stopped by the shrine dedicated to the Virgin Mary and searched the bushes by the swollen and muddy river. Here we had good views of Nightingale, brief views of Wryneck and a cracking male Eurasian Penduline Tit which fed for a short while in some tall reeds. Moving on a short distance we made our next stop on a ridge which gave us views over the surrounding area hoping to see some raptor. We soon found Common Buzzard, Black Kite and Booted Eagle. Kent and Marcia then found the bird we had hoped for, a pair of distant but very welcome Black-winged Kites which quickly disappeared after mobbing a Black Kite. The rest of the drive along the Corredor was quiet until we got to the point where it joins the road. The junction was flooded so we made a short detour along yet another dirt track and picked up some more European Bee-eaters and several Collared Pratincoles.14-black-winged-kite We rejoined the road towards the visitor centre which soon turned into a track and then into a very rough track. Along here we saw good numbers of birds including Gull-billed and Whiskered Terns, Western Marsh Harrier, Short-toed Eagle, Greater and Lesser Short-toed Larks, Quail and the best of all a very tolerant Black-winged Kite which sat for most of the party to get some good shots. Eventually we reached the centre and had some lunch whilst watching Glossy Ibis, Greater Flamingo, Black-crowned Night Heron, Cattle and Little Egrets and Great Reed Warblers through the large window. After spending some time at the site we started the journey back to the hotel along a much better track with some good marsh areas to the one side. Birds seen on the way back included Griffon Vultures, Short-toed Eagle, Northern Wheatear, Gadwall, Eurasian Teal, Common Cuckoo and Common Raven.
Once back at the hotel we had our evening meal and the hotel minibus again took us into Sevilla City for the group to go to see the Tablao el Arenal flamenco show. We arrived at the drop off point a little early so we had a walk around the outside of the cathedral and made our way to the venue. The show was very good, not a show just put on for tourists. At about midnight we got taxis back to the hotel and prepared for the trip to Ronda the next morning.
Weather: Bright and sunny.

Day 10-11

Day 10 - April 14th
Visited sites:
Donana to Ronda.
We started the day by going to a couple of places I had wanted to go yesterday but due to the flooding the access from the far side of the park was blocked. The first stop was at La Ventilla a small road side pool near Venta del Cruce. Birds were few but we did pick up Melodious Warbler singing from a near by bush and Al found the only Greylag Geese of the tour on a wet field on the opposite side of the road. We then moved to Canada de la Rianzuela a large lake surrounded by pine woodland. Here we saw White-headed Duck, Red-crested Pochard, Whiskered Tern, Audouin's Gull, Yellow-legged Gull, Horned, Great Crested and Little Grebes, Black Kite, White Stork and Spoonbill. We then departed from Donana and headed for our meeting with Juan in Ronda. Before lunch we stopped briefly in a roadside lay-by where we found Woodcock Orchid. Our next stop was the Hotel Molino del Puente just north of Ronda, where we sorted the rooms and dropped off the luggage, at 15:30 we met Juan our guide for the afternoon. He was to give us a very interesting walking tour around the town, including the Bullring, and the older Moorish inspired part of the town. Whilst on the walk the bins were still out and Hawfinch, Lesser Kestrel and Red-billed Chough were all seen. The group then had an hour or so to wonder around the shops and get a few bits. We then made our way back to the hotel for the evening meal. Along the stream at the rear of the hotels garden we noted Cetti's Warbler, Nightingale, Blackcap and Red-rumped Swallow. In the evening Peg, Pieter and Peter joined the group for our meal.
Weather: Mainly dry with broken clouds.

Day 11 - April 15th
Visited sites:
Montejaque, Sierra Libar, Benoajan and Indiana.
The birds were being logged before breakfast today, Western Olivaceous was singing from dense cover along the river bank, also seen were Cetti's and Sardinian Warblers, Blackcap and Grey Wagtail. After breakfast we headed towards Montejaque, just after we turned off the main A-473 by Cortijo las Piletas we saw our first large group of Griffon Vultures kettling (a term used by Diana which I had not heard before) on a ridge just north east of the main road. 15-griffon-vulturesMixed in the flock were a single Black Kite and a few Red-billed Choughs. We then moved on a couple of Kms and parked in the oak woodland and spent some time tracking down Long-tailed Tit, Firecrest, Bonelli's and Subalpine Warbler. The next stop was just before the road narrows and passes through a gorge, the main things seen here were the wild flowers, but we did add our first Black Wheatear of the trip and Blue-rock Thrush, Sardinian Warbler and several European Stonechats. A couple of species of Orchid were seen here including Somber and Yellow Bee and Man Orchid. Moroccan Orange-tip, Clouded Yellow, Small White and Cleopatra butterflies all put in brief appearances when the sun shone. Sierra Libar was our next area to visit but the wind did not make birding easy, at the water tank a few hundred yards along the track we hoped to see the resident Bonelli's Eagles which breed on near by cliffs, but they were not on show. We did see more Griffon Vultures, Eurasian Kestrel, Blue-rock Thrush and Serin. Further up the valley Rock Bunting, Linnet and Black Redstart were all seen on the fence posts. The next two species added to the trip list were both larks, a single Thekla and a pair of Wood were seen well on the road side. We then continued on up to the oak wood were we picked up Chaffinch, Mistle Thrush, Woodchat Shrike and a pair of Cirl Buntings. We made our way back along the track but the wind was so strong we did not see a lot and missed a couple of key species. We had Lunch at a river side hotel and then moved on to Indiana where we had instructions from Peter about the location of a Bonelli's Eagle nest site and as promised we got distant views of the male bird sat on the side of the nest. We also saw European Bee-eaters and Cetti's Warbler at the site. The group decided that the afternoon was to be spent in Ronda around the shops. After a couple of hours we all met at the pre-arranged spot and made our way back to the hotel. On the way we passed a small patch of Sword-leaved Helleborines growing on the road side.
Weather: Dry and bright but very windy.

Day 12

Day 12 - April 16th
Visited sites:
Grazalema and Zahara.
The first stop was to look at a Bonelli's Eagle nest again but from a closer point but neither of the adult birds was in attendance. We quickly moved on and took the road to Grazalema, after a few Km's we stopped by a fenced area with piles of Cork Oak bark stacked ready to be taken to be processed. In the woods and fields near by we picked up Subalpine Warbler, European Bee-eater, Woodlark and a pair of Cirl Buntings. We also saw several different wild flowers here including Gun Cistus, Common Asphodel and Southern Knapweed. At the junction with the road to El Bosque we stopped and spent some time watching a pair of Eurasian Nuthatchs clean out old material from a nest hole, Peg got some very nice shots of the birds. 16-fellow-travellersAt the same site we also saw Champagne Orchid, a single spike which had survived the raging strimmers. Moving on we soon arrived in the vey nice white village of Grazalema where we stopped for a coffee break and for a visit to the information centre. A road side stop then produced Common Crossbill, Jay, Chough, Green Woodpecker and Bonelli's Warbler and on the plant front Lange's, Champagne and Southern Early Purple Orchids were all Photographed. Some of the group walked on up the road whilst others continued to sort out the Flowers. A little way on some of the group were watching a Large Psammodromus which was posing for the cameras very patiently. We all headed up to the main viewpoint at Puerto de las Palomas, we made a brief stop here. A little further on we had a walk along the road down hill towards Zahara, Great and Blue Tits, Crag Martin, Griffon Vultures were all seen. By this time stomachs were starting to rumble so we drove quickly to Zahara for Lunch. We then retraced our route more sedately back up to the view point stopping at several points along the way. We spent some time searching a road side bank for Italian Man Orchid, we eventually found three very nice spikes. A stop was then made to see the very rare Spanish Fir, we also had very good views of two pairs of Bonelli's. The day was moving on, so we made our way slowly back towards the hotel.
Weather: Mainly dry but breezy.

Day 13

Day 13 - April 17th
Visited sites: Cuava del Pelajas, Campillos, El Torcal and Dorcal, Granada.
We woke to rain and made the journey out to Cuava del Pelajas via Ronda to drop Al in the town for some extra shopping. We arrived at the Caves at 10:00 but had to wait till half past to see if any body else arrived, they did not so we made our way underground. Issued with a couple of paraffin lamps we made our way along some slippery walkways through some very interesting chambers and on to the parts of the caves with the wall paintings. A lot of bats were flying around in the deeper parts of the caves, where they will have spent the winter hibernating. We made our way out of the cave and around the car park we noted Winter Wren, Black Wheatear, Blue-rock Thrush and Chough. After picking Al up in Ronda we started the journey to Granada. On the way we stopped by some fields that had been flooded over the winter. Many species of birds had quickly taken advantage of the site including about 200 Greater Flamingos, Avocet, Black-winged Stilt, Ruff, Northern Lapwing, Whiskered and Gull-billed Terns and Eurasian Coots. As we arrived a single male Little Bustard was seen flying away and during the time we were at the site several Montagu’s Harriers were seen.
17-el-torcal18-iberian-ibixThe afternoon was spent at El Torcal a limestone ridge with some very interesting rock formations. After a quick loo stop we moved out to the view point and had a look down at the Costa del Sol and Malaga. Out on the trail we soon had good views of Blue-rock Thrush, Western Orphean Warbler, Alpine Swift, Hoopoe, Black Redstart and Eurasian Jackdaw. Then the high light of the day a small group of Spanish Ibex, probably 3 or 4 animals, all females which gave us great views and photo opportunities. On the way back to the vehicle Kent, Marcia and myself had another two Ibex but this time they were young males. We then made our way to Durcal and to the Hotel Molino del Puente, same name as the last one but very different. It sat deep in a wooded river valley, a place which looked well worth investigation.
Weather: wet start but dry during the day but heavy rain later.

Day 14-16

Day 14 - April 18th
Visited sites: Huetor Tajar and Sierra Loja.
19-fellow-travellersThe rain was driving down when I arrived at the hotel and all the party decided that they would sit tight and see what the weather was going to do. Later the worst of the rain had passed so we headed west towards Huetor Tajar and Sierra Loja. The first area visited was amongst the Poplar plantations at Villanueva de Mesia, here we saw Common Sandpiper, Cetti’s Warbler and Pied Flycatcher. We then moved to the low agricultural land to the north of Huetor Tajar, Zitting Cisticola, Spanish Yellow Wagtail, Crested Lark, European Stonechat and Woodchat Shrike were all seen. Along the banks of the Rio Montefrio we saw a small colony of Tree Sparrows nesting in some metal tube posts. 20-wind-turbinesWe then made our way to my house which was a convenient comfort stop and then on towards Loja for lunch, on the way we picked up Turtle Dove, Collared Dove, Hoopoe, Mistle Thrush and Common Kestrel. The first bird seen after lunch was a Griffon Vulture flying over the town, a good record for the area. We then made our way up on the Sierra Loja but the wind was blowing very strongly and birding was always going to be a struggle, we did see Alpine, Common and Pallid Swifts, Little Owl, Thekla Lark, Yellow Wagtail, Red-legged Partridge, European Robin, Crag Martin, Black and Black-eared Wheatears, Black Redstart and Red-billed Chough amongst others. On our way down the mountain we stopped at a small disused quarry where a pair of European Eagle Owls were nesting on a cliff face. The pair had two young in the nest cave but neither of the adults or young were on show today. We did get good views of Common Cuckoo and found Wild Tulip, Yellow Violet, Common Star of Bethlehem and Pink Mediterranean Catchfly growing between the rocks. Watching the Common Cuckoo, (PA). Late in the afternoon we decided to call it a day and headed back to the hotel admitting defeat to the wind and rain.
Weather: Very wet start, brighter later but very very windy.

Day 15 - April 19th
Visited sites: Birding at the hotel, the Alhambra guided visit and Granada City.
Before going into Granada, in the hotel car park we saw Bonelli's Warbler, Nightingale, Great Tit,Blackcap, Long-tailed Tit, Eurasian Sparrowhawk and Grey Wagtail. We then walked along the river bank until Wind Turbines, Sierra Loja, (PA). It started to rain again, We did add European Robin, Winter Wren, Chaffinch, Spotless Starling and a single Red Squirrel. At about 10:30 we set off for the Alhambra and met our guide near the entrance, the next three hours pasted very quickly as we were shown around the Palaces, Summer House and Gardens by a very informative Alfonso Ríos Carnicero. Just as we had finished the tour and had started to make our way down the steep hill into the city the rain started again. Kent and Marcia had eaten in a restaurant near the Cathedral on a past visit and said, quite rightly, that the food and wine was good. We all had a very good meal and then split up and did a bit of sight seeing around the city centre. At 18:00 I collected everybody at a prearrange spot and after a very busy day we headed back to the hotel.
Weather: Frequent Showers.

Day 16 - April 20th
Visited sites:
Granada to Madrid.
We set off at 08:00 and drove directly to Madrid, little wildlife was noted as the whole journey was on Autovia's. The only thing we all commented on was the amount of water in all the rivers after the recent rains. Early afternoon and every one was at their hotels and deciding which gallery or museum to go and visit.
Weather: Mainly dry.

Bird List

The species list below gives all the species we have seen during our trip. We have selected them in Family-groups and given the english as well as the latin names.

PODICIPEDIFORMES: Podicipedidae Podicipedidae
1 Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
2 Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus
3 Horned Grebe (Black-necked) Podiceps auritus

4 Cory's Shearwater Calonectris diomedea

PELECANIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae
5 Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo
6 European Shag Phalacrocorax aristotelis

7 Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
8 Purple Heron Ardea purpurea
9 Great Egret Ardea alba
10 Little Egret Egretta garzetta
11 Squacco Heron Ardeola ralloides
12 Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
13 Black-crowned Night-Heron Nycticorax nycticorax
14 Little Bittern Ixobrychus minutus

15 Black Stork Ciconia nigra
16 White Stork Ciconia ciconia

CICONIIFORMES: Threskiornithidae
17 Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus
18 Eurasian Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia

19 Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus roseus

20 Greylag Goose Anser anser
21 Common Shelduck Tadorna tadorna
22 Gadwall Anas strepera
23 Eurasian Teal Anas crecca
24 Mallard Anas platyrhynchos
25 Garganey Anas querquedula
26 Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata
27 Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina
28 Common Pochard Aythya ferina
29 Tufted Duck Aythya fuligula
30 Black / Common Scoter Melanitta nigra
31 White-headed Duck Oxyura leucocephala

32 Osprey Pandion haliaetus

33 European Honey-buzzard Pernis apivorus
34 Black-shouldered Kite Elanus caeruleus
35 Red Kite Milvus milvus
36 Black Kite Milvus migrans
37 Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus
38 Eurasian Griffon Gyps fulvus
39 Short-toed Eagle Circaetus gallicus
40 Western Marsh-Harrier Circus aeruginosus
41 Montagu's Harrier Circus pygargus
42 Eurasian Sparrowhawk Accipiter nisus
43 Eurasian Buzzard Buteo buteo
44 Spanish Imperial Eagle Aquila adalberti
45 Bonelli's Eagle Aquila fasciatus
46 Booted Eagle Aquila pennatus

47 Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni
48 Eurasian Kestrel Falco tinnunculus
49 Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus

GALLIFORMES: Phasianidae
50 Red-legged Partridge Alectoris rufa
51 Chukar Alectoris chukar
52 Common Quail Coturnix coturnix

53 Water Rail Rallus aquaticus
54 Purple Swamphen Porphyrio porphyrio
55 Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus
56 Red-knobbed Coot Fulica cristata
57 Eurasian Coot Fulica atra

58 Great Bustard Otis tarda
59 Little Bustard Tetrax tetrax

60 Eurasian Oystercatcher Haematopus ostralegus

61 Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
62 Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta

63 Eurasian Thick-knee Burhinus oedicnemus

64 Collared Pratincole Glareola pratincola

65 Northern Lapwing Vanellus vanellus
66 Black-bellied Plover Pluvialis squatarola
67 Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius
68 Snowy Plover Charadrius alexandrinus

69 Common Snipe Gallinago gallinago
70 Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa
71 Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus
72 Eurasian Curlew Numenius arquata
73 Spotted Redshank Tringa erythropus
74 Common Redshank Tringa totanus
75 Marsh Sandpiper Tringa stagnatilis
76 Common Greenshank Tringa nebularia
77 Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola
78 Green Sandpiper Tringa ochropus
79 Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
80 Ruddy Turnstone Arenaria interpres
81 Sanderling Calidris alba
82 Little Stint Calidris minuta
83 Temminck's Stint Calidris temminckii
84 Curlew Sandpiper Calidris ferruginea
85 Dunlin Calidris alpina
86 Ruff Philomachus pugnax

87 Audouin's Gull Larus audouinii
88 Yellow-legged Gull Larus michahellis
89 Lesser Black-backed Gull Larus fuscus
90 Black-headed Gull Larus ridibundus

91 Gull-billed Tern Sterna nilotica
92 Sandwich Tern Sterna sandvicensis
93 Whiskered Tern Chlidonias hybridus

94 Rock Pigeon Columba livia
95 Common Wood-Pigeon Columba palumbus
96 Eurasian Turtle-Dove Streptopelia turtur
97 Eurasian Collared-Dove Streptopelia decaocto

: Cuculidae
98 Great Spotted Cuckoo Clamator glandarius
99 Common Cuckoo Cuculus canorus

100 Little Owl Athene noctua

: Apodidae
101 Alpine Swift Tachymarptis melba
102 Common Swift Apus apus
103 Pallid Swift Apus pallidus

104 European Bee-eater Merops apiaster

105 Hoopoe Upupa epops

106 Eurasian Wryneck Jynx torquilla
107 Great Spotted Woodpecker Dendrocopos major
108 Green Woodpecker Picus viridis

109 Calandra Lark Melanocorypha calandra
110 Greater Short-toed Lark Calandrella brachydactyla
111 Lesser Short-toed Lark Calandrella rufescens
112 Crested Lark Galerida cristata
113 Thekla Lark Galerida theklae
114 Wood Lark Lullula arborea

115 Bank Swallow Riparia riparia
116 Eurasian Crag-Martin Ptyonoprogne rupestris
117 Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica
118 Red-rumped Swallow Cecropis daurica
119 Common House-Martin Delichon urbica

120 White Wagtail Motacilla alba
121 Yellow Wagtail Motacilla flava
122 Grey Wagtail Motacilla cinerea
123 Tawny Pipit Anthus campestris
124 Meadow Pipit Anthus pratensis
125 Water Pipit Anthus spinoletta
126 Firecrest Regulus ignicapillus

PASSERIFORMES: Troglodytidae
127 Winter Wren Troglodytes troglodytes

128 Blue Rock-Thrush Monticola solitarius
129 Eurasian Blackbird Turdus merula
130 Mistle Thrush Turdus viscivorus

131 Zitting Cisticola Cisticola juncidis

: Sylviidae
132 Cetti's Warbler Cettia cetti
133 Moustached Warbler Acrocephalus melanopogon
134 Eurasian Reed-Warbler Acrocephalus scirpaceus
135 Great Reed-Warbler Acrocephalus arundinaceus
136 Western Olivaceous Warbler Hippolais opaca
137 Melodious Warbler Hippolais polyglotta
138 Common Chiffchaff Phylloscopus collybita
139 Iberian Chiffchaff Phylloscopus ibericus
140 Western Bonelli's Warbler Phylloscopus bonelli
141 Blackcap Sylvia atricapilla
142 Western Orphean Warbler Sylvia hortensis
143 Subalpine Warbler Sylvia cantillans
144 Sardinian Warbler Sylvia melanocephala
145 Balearic Warbler Sylvia balearica

146 European Pied Flycatcher Ficedula hypoleuca
147 European Robin Erithacus rubecula
148 Common Nightingale Luscinia megarhynchos
149 Black Redstart Phoenicurus ochruros
150 Common Redstart Phoenicurus phoenicurus
151 Whinchat Saxicola rubetra
152 European Stonechat Saxicola rubicola
153 Black Wheatear Oenanthe leucura
154 Northern Wheatear Oenanthe oenanthe
155 Black-eared Wheatear Oenanthe hispanica

156 Long-tailed Tit Aegithalos caudatus

157 Coal Tit Periparus ater
158 Great Tit Parus major
159 Blue Tit Cyanistes caeruleus

160 Eurasian Nuthatch Sitta europaea

161 Short-toed Treecreeper Certhia brachydactyla

162 Eurasian Penduline-Tit Remiz pendulinus

163 Eurasian Golden Oriole Oriolus oriolus

: Laniidae
164 Southern Grey Shrike Lanius meridionalis
165 Woodchat Shrike Lanius senator

166 Eurasian Jay Garrulus glandarius
167 Azure-winged Magpie Cyanopica cyana
168 Eurasian Magpie Pica pica
169 Red-billed Chough Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax
170 Eurasian Jackdaw Corvus monedula
171 Common Raven Corvus corax

: Sturnidae
172 Spotless Starling Sturnus unicolor

173 Cirl Bunting Emberiza cirlus
174 Rock Bunting Emberiza cia
175 Corn Bunting Emberiza calandra

176 Chaffinch Fringilla coelebs
177 Red Crossbill Loxia curvirostra
178 European Greenfinch Carduelis chloris
179 Eurasian Siskin Carduelis spinus
180 European Goldfinch Carduelis carduelis
181 Eurasian Linnet Carduelis cannabina
182 European Serin Serinus serinus
183 Hawfinch Coccothraustes coccothraustes

184 House Sparrow Passer domesticus
185 Spanish Sparrow Passer hispaniolensis
186 Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus


The list of butterfly species is just a selection of the butterflies we have seen on this trip. Names are given in enlish and latin.

Butterfly Species List

1 Clouded Yellow, Colias crocea
2 Large White, Pieris brassicae
3 Small White, Artogeia rapae
4 Swallowtail, Papilio machaon
5 Speckled Wood, Pararge aegeria
6 Red Admiral, Vanessa atalanta
7 Cleopatrea, Gonepteryx cleopatra
8 Wall Brown, Lasiommata megera
9 Small Copper, Lycaena phlaeas
10 Painted Lady, Vanessa cardui
11 Brimstone, Gonepteryx rhamni
12 Moroccan Orange-tip, Anthocharis belia
13 Scarce Swallowtail, Iphiclides podalirius


This is just a short list of wild flowers mentioned in the report and is far from a full list. Names are given in enlish and latin.

Wild Flowers Species List

1 Shrubby Seablite, Suaeda vera.
2 Rosy Garlic, Allium roseum.
3 Common Asphodel, Asphodelus aestivus.
4 Crown Daisy, Chrysanthemum coronarium.
5 Corn Poppy, Papaver rhoeas.
6 Purple Viper's Bugloss, Echium plantagineum.
7 Bellardia, Bellardia trixago.
8 Mastic Tree, Pistacia lentiscus.
9 Balearic Bee Orchid. Ophrys balearica.
10 Mirror Orchid, Ophrys speculum ssp speculum.
11 Grey-leaved Cistus, Cistus albidus.
12 Marsh Loose-flowered Orchid, Orchis robusta.
13 Fragrant Bug Orchid, Orchis fragrans var martrinii.
14 Yellow Bee Orchid, Ophrys lutea.
15 Bumble Bee Orchid, Ophrys Bumbyliflora.
16 Gum Cistus, Cistus landanifer.
17 Stone Pine, Pinus pinea.
18 Woodcock Orchid, Ophrys scolopax.
19 Man Orchid Aceras anthropoporum.
20 Somber Bee Orchid, Ophrys Fusca.
21 Sword-leaved Helleborine, Cephalanthera longifolia.
22 Common Asphodel, Asphodelus microcarpus
23 Southern Knapweed, Centaurea pullata.
24 Champagne Orchid, Orchis morio.
25 Spanish Fir, Abies pinsapo.
26 Italian Man Orchid, Orchis italica
27 Wild Tulip, Tulipa sylvestris ssp australis.
28 Yellow Violet, Viola dementria.
29 Common Star of Bethlehem, Ornithogalum umbellatum.
30 Pink Mediterranean Catchfly, Silene colorata.
The Gambia
A place to go to in Winter
Great variety of birds
Tours are a proven success
Why not join us this winter
You will not be disappointed